near north Coromandel coast (just south of a small fishing village called Madraspatam) from Nayak rulers to build a warehouse or factory for trading purposes. In 1640 they built Fort St. George which eventually became the core of the colonial city.
the first municipal corporation in the British Commonwealth outside Britain.
The development in Royapuram opened up settlements in low-lying areas.
in the city which existed till 1953
began when Congress Party was elected in State Government at Madras Presidency in the first Provincial Election held in British India and issued an order in April 1938 making Hindi language teaching compulsory in all the secondary schools of the province.
a temporary solution was designed whereby English was to remain the official language for fifteen years while Hindi would be promoted as national language so English could be phased out.
in Tamil Nadu protesting and finally thwarting the possibility of inclusion of Hindi as the official language of India.
allowed defunct lakes to be filled in to accommodate housing schemes.
from 129 sq. km to cover 176 sq. km
Late 1990s-early 2000
Following the earthquake off the Indonesian coast (9.1 on Richter scale), a massive tsunami struck Chennai and surrounding areas wrecking tremendous havoc to livelihood and infrastructure.
Over the course of the Preliminary Research Assessment (Phase I), the Resilient Chennai team worked to understand the city’s context and identify key resilience challenges. The following broad areas have been identified for inclusion into the final Resilience Strategy for the city.